Extracorporeal Shockwave Treatment for Managing Biofilm-mediated Infections in Dentistry: Current Knowledge and Future Perspectives
Review Article | Volume 2 | Issue 1 | JRS Jan – Jun 2022 | Page 22-26 | Antonia Olivares, Christina M A P Schuh, Sebastian Aguayo
Author: Antonia Olivares , Christina M A P Schuh , Sebastian Aguayo [1,3]
 School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
 Centro de Medicina Regenerativa, Facultad de Medicina, Clínica Alemana-Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile.
 Institute for Biological and Medical Engineering, Schools of Engineering, Medicine and Biological Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Sebastian Aguayo,
School of Dentistry and Institute for Biological and Medical Engineering, Schools of Engineering, Medicine and Biological Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
At present, chronic non-communicable diseases are becoming more prevalent across the world. Among these pathologies, oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontitis are some of the most frequently observed in populations worldwide. These biofilm-mediated infections are produced as a consequence of a series of factors that modify the oral microenvironment and lead to dysbiosis among residing biofilms, which are particularly difficult to treat with pharmacological approaches due to their structural and anatomical characteristics. Furthermore, the recent sharp increase in antimicrobial resistance has potentiated the need for the development of novel techniques to effectively treat biofilm-mediated diseases in the mouth. One option that has recently shown promising results in vitro is the use of focused high-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy (fhESWT) for the control of microbial growth and biofilm formation. Several studies have shown the effect of fhESWT on the treatment of biofilm-mediated infections associated with bone fractures and orthopedic implant infection, although the mechanisms behind this effect are still unknown. Regarding the oral cavity, there remains a lack of clinical studies but there are some limited in vitro and in vivo investigations that shed light on the potential of fhESWT for biofilm control. Therefore, the objective of this review is to discuss the most relevant available literature regarding the in vitro and in vivo effects of fhESWT over biofilm control, as well as the potential use of fhESWT for the treatment of oral biofilm-mediated diseases in the future.
Keywords: Bacteria, Biofilms, Extracorporeal shockwave therapy, Focused high-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy, Fungi, Microorganisms.
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|How to Cite this article: Olivares A, Schuh CMAP, Aguayo S | Extracorporeal Shockwave Treatment for Managing Biofilm-mediated Infections in Dentistry: The Current Knowledge and Future Perspectives | Journal of Regenerative Science | Jan – Jun 2022; 2(1): 22-26.|